In some Western cultures, the geographic North Pole is the residence of Santa Claus. Canada
Post has assigned postal code H0H 0H0 to the North Pole (referring to Santa's traditional
exclamation of "Ho-ho-ho!") Under international law, no country currently owns the North
Pole or the region of the Arctic Ocean surrounding it. The five surrounding Arctic states,
Russia, Canada, Norway, Denmark (via Greenland), and the United States (via Alaska), are
limited to a 200-nautical-mile (370 km/230 mi).
In most places on Earth, local time is roughly synchronized to the position of the sun in
the sky. Therefore at midday the sun is at its highest. This method fails at the North Pole
where the sun is continuously in the sky for six months. There is no permanent human presence
at the North Pole, and no particular time zone.
Winter (January) temperatures at the North Pole range from -43 C (-45 F) to -26 C (-15 F).
Summer temperatures (June, July and August) average around the freezing point (0 C, 32 F) The
sea depth at the North Pole has been measured at 4,261 metres (13,980 ft). The nearest land is
usually said to be Kaffeklubben Island, off the northern coast of Greenland about 440 miles (700 km)
away. This fact reflects age-old mythology of the North Pole, as the abode of God, superhuman
beings and the popular figure of Santa Claus.
There is another North Pole which is a city in Fairbanks North Star Borough, Alaska, United States.
The population is 1,778. The city is about 1,700 miles south of Earth's geographic North Pole.
The city is a summertime attraction for tourists visiting nearby Fairbanks, and traveling to and from
the Alaska Highway. Its biggest attraction is a gift shop named Santa Claus House with the world's
largest fiberglass statue of Santa Claus outside. Prior to Christmas each year, the United States
Postal Service in the North Pole receives hundreds of thousands of letters to Santa Claus, and
thousands more from people wanting the town's postmark on their holiday greeting cards to their
families. It advertises the ZIP code 99705 as the ZIP code of Santa. Holiday-themed streets in
North Pole include Santa Claus Lane, St. Nicholas Drive, Snowman Lane, and Kris Kringle Drive.
Street lights in the city are decorated in a candy cane motif, and many local businesses have similar
decorations. The city's fire trucks and ambulances are all red, while the police cars are all green.